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The T e turbulence can appear in increased T e gradient regions. The lowest energy atomic configurations are rationalized on the basis of the charge density distribution and elasticity theory considerations. This model is closed by the field equations of Poisson’s equation and Ampere’ law.
Then, in order to take into account the non-ideality of the winding, a generalized expression, formally analogue to the classical one, is presented. For KSTAR ICE where the separation of spectral peak frequencies is close to the proton cyclotron frequency at the outer plasma edge, we show that the driving population of energetic ions is likely to be a subset of the 3 MeV fusion protons, born centrally on deeply passing orbits which drift from the core to the edge plasma.
Abstract This paper addresses nuclear analysis on the Korean fusion demonstration reactor K-DEMO divertor to estimate the overall trend of nuclear heating values and displacement damages. A plasma control simulator is also being developed to test and validate control schemes.
In a completely new development, this technique is combined with the concept of geodesic distance on Gaussian manifolds so as to take into account the error bars in the measurements and provide more reliable models. To watch videos non-fullscreen: This work follows and relies on the deployment of a new, sub-ms, real-time magnetic equilibrium-reconstruction algorithm.
The behaviour of fuel hydrogen in the PFW was investigated by monitoring the injection and evacuation of hydrogen into and from the plasma-producing vessel. Exposure to He plasma pulses caused the formation of fine cracking network on W samples which occurred at a higher density and smaller depths compared to H pulsed plasma irradiation.
Computational optimization has revolutionized the field tou stellarator design. Fitted conversion factors are extracted from the simulation results which include a dependence on the plasma density.
A rigid, linearised plasma response model for the TCV tokamak is used for the verification and determination of the control parameters. We demonstrate that the shape and the saturation amplitude of the nonlinear mode structure depends not only on the amount of deviation from the initial eigenfrequency but also on the initial energy of the resonant electrons in the equilibrium magnetic field. Formation of stable equilibria is evaluated by solving the Grad—Shafranov equation and checking linear MHD stability.
In particular, the effects of high temperature helium from D—T reaction on ZF depend on the temperature ratio between electrons and high temperature helium. In conjunction with the multi-purpose manipulator, a carrier for fast reciprocating probe systems, the combined probe has been installed.
Characteristics of the MHD instabilities for high beta LHD large helical device plasmas in the inward shifted configurations have been investigated by numerical simulations.
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On the other hand, given the limitations of the existing databases, dedicated experimental investigations will have to be carried out to fully understand the impact of radiated fractions on the confinement in metallic machines and in the next generation of devices. The scenario offers good confinement with and normalised ion temperature gradients. Complementary molecular statics MS calculations are performed to validate the accuracy of the recently developed W—H—He embedded atom method EAM and bond-order potentials.
Multiscale interaction between the magnetic island and turbulence has been demonstrated through simultaneous two-dimensional measurements of turbulence and temperature and flow profiles. The reconstructed linear profiles are significantly different from the measured profiles, demonstrating the significant impact that non-linearity can have.
Abstract The magnetic topology of the stochastic edge of a helical reversed-field pinch, with helicityshows to be deeply wlam by higher harmonicswith the same ndue to toroidal coupling. We have emailed you a change of email request. The temporal-spatial structures of plasma flows and turbulence around tearing mode islands are presented.
Improvement of neutral beam injection modules for multiple-ion species plasmas and loose coupling with a large-simulation code are also highlights of recent developments. The increased edge fluctuations, increased flow receille, and the dual-band nature of edge turbulence correlating with lower P LH may account for the strong isotope and density dependencies of P LH and support current L-H transition theories but suggest a complex behavior that can inform a more complete model of the L-H transition threshold.
The experimental observations were compared against several theoretical models.
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Abstract A new methodology aalm analyze non-linear components in perturbative transport experiments is introduced. In this paper, a new technique, called symbolic regression, is reviewed, refined, and applied to the ITPA database for extracting scaling laws of the energy-confinement time at different radiated fraction levels.
This study proposes a path for the defect transform reville point defect to defect cluster, by the agglomeration between irradiated deuterium and cascade damage-induced defect. These results showed a power exhaust scenario and the divertor design concept.
The target pressure profile with a pedestal structure is investigated by varying its peaking, pedestal height and width as a first step. The controller exploits the knowledge of the time-varying actuator limits in the actuator input calculation itself such that fast transitions between targets are achieved without overshoot. Though such modes with high toroidal mode number are strongly stabilized by the ion diamagnetic drift effect, it was found that plasma rotation can sometimes overcome this stabilizing effect and destabilizes the peeling-ballooning modes in JET-ILW.
Such a strong resonant transport was substantially modified to non-resonant-type transport at higheras the resonant particle transport was significantly reduced and the rotation braking was pushed to plasma edge.
Increase in the density limit was observed when the power was launched from the top antenna, consistently with the numerical predictions. Abstract A novel plasma position and shape controller has been developed for the highly flexible shaping poloidal-field coil set of the TCV tokamak, to aid in the precise control of advanced configurations such as negative-triangularity plasmas, snowflake and super-X divertors, and doublets. The turbulence is concentrated near X-point and partly trapped inside the magnetic islands.
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In order to access higher density at the same magnetic field, a top-launch antenna was recently installed in addition to the existing outboard-launch antenna. We also observe that xlam to the first transition it is possible to use a control method to stimulate the appearance of zonal flows and therefore the confinement of revfille plasma.
It is shown that the surface microstructure of tungsten samples irradiated in hydrogen is characterized by micro-pits, inclusions and blisters in the form of bubbles, which were not observed earlier for tungsten irradiated in hydrogen.
The toroidal rotating filaments could change the edge magnetic topology resulting in toroidal rotating strike point splitting and heat flux broadening.
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Abstract Fully non-inductive plasma maintenance was achieved by a microwave of 8. Commissioning of the auxiliary heating systems is included as well as support functions for stray field topology and real-time plasma boundary reconstruction. As an initial exercise, a constraint that the windings be vertical was placed on large major radius half of the non-planar coils. Tii the evolution into a steady state nuclear device, such as the China Fusion Engineering Test Reactor CFETRit is necessary to examine the boundary conditions imposed by the combined development of tokamak physics, fusion materials and fusion technology for a reactor.
This paper presents results reveill particle-in-cell PIC simulations of plasma interaction in the reveile of poloidal gaps between monoblocks in the high heat flux areas of the ITER outer vertical target. Abstract Characteristics of the MHD instabilities for high beta LHD large helical device plasmas in the inward shifted configurations have been investigated by numerical simulations. Abstract Non-uniformity effects of the edge radial electric field, E ron edge transport barrier ETB formation have been identified with high-spatiotemporal resolution spectroscopic measurement.
Following this first step, the key aspects and figures of merit of plasma active vertical stabilization will be reviewed, with specific emphasis on the maximum disturbances that can be recovered by the plasma control system while minimizing active currents and voltages. The final goal being the study of the interplay among plasma elongation and the parameters described above to achieve robust passive and active stabilization.
In limited plasmas their amplitude scales with safety factor.