The Politics of Johannes Althusius. An abridged translation of the Third Edition of. POLITICA METHODICE DIGESTA, ATQUE EXEMPLIS SACRIS ET PROFANIS. After philosophic and legal studies in Switzerland, Althusius was a professor at the “Politica methodice digesta atque exemplis sacris et profanis illustrata”. According to Althusius, the purpose of the state is to protect and encourage social life. The family is the most natural of human associations, and all other unions.

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This is what I especially seek to provide, and for the sake of which I have undertaken this entire labor. But, if so, he did not concede very much. In the sixteenth century, this world view was recreated by the Reformed wing of Protestantism as the federal theology from which Althusius, the Huguenots, the Scottish covenanters, and the English and American Puritans developed political theories and principles of constitutional design. I shall discuss these problems, as politcia as althuskus justification for abridging the original work, in the final section of this introduction.

The ecclesiastical order, which is especially concerned with the cultivation of piety, is conceived by Althusius essentially according to contemporary Calvinist practice.

But that end is most to be esteemed for which nature made the whole man. On the other hand, Carl Friedrich, the first important figure in the twentieth-century Althusian revival, viewed Althusius as being somewhere between medievalist and a precursor of modern federalism.

Whence 3, or 3, 4. Aug 09, Leonardo Bruno rated it really liked it. These persons, by their coming together, now become not spouses, kinsmen, and colleagues, but citizens of the same community.

Moreover, I have attributed the rights of sovereignty, as they are called, not to the supreme magistrate, but to the commonwealth or universal association. For human society develops athusius private to public althudius by the definite steps and progressions of small societies.

For this reason, they do not by their nature become articles of commerce for one person. The family is a natural association based on two relationships: Yet even the least of these gifts should be praised. Thus politics may be distinguished from economics. He develops this politiva mean that the realm are the estates what he calls ‘collegia’. God therefore willed that each need the service and aid of others in order that friendship would bind all together, and no one would consider another to be valueless.


The actual administration of the commonwealth by the supreme magistrate should be guided, according to Althusius, by political prudence. What does interest him is the extent to which any association fulfills the althysius for which it exists. Among the civilians most in evidence are Bartolus fourteenth centuryPaul Castro fifteenth centuryand Andreas Gail sixteenth century.

Johannes Althusius

They consist partly in advantages, partly in responsibilities, and in the bringing together and sustaining these advantages mutually among the kinsmen.

Project MUSE Mission Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. Recently however, Emden had politicx increasingly serious conflicts with its provincial lord, as well as with various larger and more powerful units of the German Empire and Spanish Kingdom.

If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Their consent is required by the ruler in all major matters confronting the province, such as decisions on war, peace, taxes, and new law. On the other hand he often uses classical writers, especially Augustine and Seneca, for quotations that may fit his own point but are taken out of context from the original work.

At most it will suggest some lines of thought Edition: For the success of your admirable deeds, and those of your allies, is so abundant that it overflows into neighboring countries, indeed, into all of Germany and into France. It is politics that teaches what the spouses, paterfamilias, materfamilias, servants, and attendants may contribute and communicate among themselves—and what the kinsmen among themselves—in order that private and domestic social life may be piously and justly fulfilled.

For the family, however natural, is based upon a tacit or expressed agreement among its members as to the manner of its communication of things, services, and right. The final cause is also the conservation of a human society that aims at a life in which you can worship God quietly and without error. The covenant motif is central to the biblical world view, the basis of all relationships, the mechanism for defining and allocating authority, and the foundation of the biblical political teaching.


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Johannes Althusius | Dutch political scientist |

Althusius’ Grand Design for a Federal Commonwealth pp. There is some evidence that during Edition: This is a fascinating early account althusijs Calvinist political theory which would later develop into Rutherford’s Lex, Rex.

Lists with This Book. Sovereigntyin political theory, the ultimate overseer, or authority, althusiys the decision-making process of the state and in the maintenance of order. Here it was discovered that Poltiica had much to offer contemporary society.

He directs the business of the community, and governs on behalf of its welfare and advantage, exercising authority jus over the individuals but not over the citizens collectively. Thus both divine revelation and natural reason are called upon in political science to clarify the true nature of symbiotic association. The political precepts and examples that I set forth have been selected, for the most part, from these same political authors, and so acknowledged in proper places.

They are too restrictive for this level because politics also includes other associations in addition to the city.

But the greatest achievement of his Herborn years was the publication in of the Politica, a work that received immediate and wide attention.

As a result, there are several rights in whi What would it look like if a society were completely covenantal? Even where the principle is not challenged, the practical exercise of absolute sovereignty is no longer possible. By appealing to symbiosis in this manner, he denies that private and public associations should have essentially different sources of legitimacy and modes of operation from each other.

This is to say, only the commonwealth recognizes no human person or association as superior to itself. He therefore proposes to remove certain legal, theological, and ethical material from it by which others in his judgment had confused and compromised its proper operation.

The first is conjugal conjugalisand the second is kinship propinqua. Giovanni Gigliozzi Bianco marked it as to-read Oct 03,