apgar skoru pdf This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons. Information from its description page there is shown below. Commons is a freely licensed media file. YENİDOĞANLARIN APGAR SKORU HAKKINDA EBE-HEMŞİRELERE Key Words: Midwives-nurses, APGAR score, reflexes, vital signs, teaching course. English: Purpose: In our study we aimed to compare the Apgar scores, thyroid and liver functions of neonates, who were delivered with elective caesarean.

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The Apgar score is a method to quickly summarize the health of newborn children against infant mortality. The Apgar score is determined by evaluating the newborn baby on five simple criteria on a scale from zero to two, then summing up the five values thus obtained.

Apgar score – Wikipedia

The resulting Apgar score ranges from zero to The five criteria are summarized using words chosen to form a backronym A ppearance, P ulse, G rimace, A ctivity, R espiration.

The test is generally done at 1 and 5 minutes after birth and may be repeated later if the score is and remains low. Scores 7 and above are generally normal; 4 to 6, fairly low; and 3 and below are generally regarded as critically low and cause for immediate resuscitative apfar.


A low score on the one-minute test may show that the neonate requires medical attention [4] but does not necessarily indicate a long-term problem, particularly if the score improves at the five-minute test. Apbar Apgar score that remains wpgar 3 at later times, such as 10, 15, or 30 minutes, may indicate longer-term neurological damage, including a small but significant increase in the risk of cerebral palsy.

However, the Apgar test’s purpose is to determine quickly whether or not a newborn needs immediate medical care. It is not designed apvar predict long-term health issues.

A score of 10 is uncommon, due to the prevalence of transient cyanosis, and does not substantially differ from a score of 9. Transient cyanosis is common, particularly in babies born at qpgar altitude. Oxygen saturation see pulse oximetry also was lower at high altitude.

Some ten years after initial publication, [ skoeu needed ] a backronym for APGAR was coined in the United States as a mnemonic learning aid: A ppearance skin colorP ulse heart rateG rimace reflex irritabilityA ctivity muscle toneand R espiration.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N Engl J Med.

Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: Medical examination and history taking. Inspection Auscultation Palpation Percussion. Temperature Heart rate Blood pressure Respiratory rate. Respiratory sounds Cyanosis Clubbing. Precordial examination Peripheral a;gar examination Heart sounds Other Jugular venous pressure Abdominojugular test Carotid bruit Ankle-brachial pressure index.

Liver span Rectal Murphy’s sign Bowel sounds. Mental state Mini—mental state examination Cranial nerve examination Upper limb neurological examination. Apgar score Ballard Maturational Assessment.

apgar skoru

Well-woman examination Vaginal examination Breast examination Cervical motion tenderness. Medical diagnosis Differential diagnosis. Retrieved from ” https: American inventions Neonatology Medical scales Medical assessment and evaluation instruments Medical mnemonics. All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 4 Decemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Digestive Liver span Rectal Murphy’s sign Bowel sounds.