A few points to note, assuming Alexander won. 1. Alexander, after defeating Porus, impressed by him makes him the governor of all his territories in India. Hydaspes (Old Indian Vitaçtā, modern Jhelum): river in Pakistan, famous for a battle of Alexander the Great. Hydaspes, possible location of the. After destroying the last remnants of the Persian army at Gaugamela, Alexander spent the next two years occupying the heartlands of central Asia. Continuing.

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Battle of the Hydaspes : Venue, Year, Reasons, Winner, Loser, Aftermath, Significance

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Battle of the Hydaspesbcefourth and last pitched battle fought by Alexander the Great during his campaign of conquest in Asia.

The fight on the banks of the Hydaspes River in India was the closest Alexander the Great came to defeat. His feared Companion cavalry was unable to subdue fully the courageous King Porus. After conquering the Persian Empire, Alexander decided to probe into northern India. The forces were numerically quite evenly balanced, although Alexander had more cavalry and Porus fielded war elephants.

Alexander divided his army, leaving a small force with Craterus facing Porus on the ford while taking most of the army to cross a second ford 17 miles 27 km away. When Porus learned that Alexander had advanced over the river, he marched to attack. Porus put his cavalry on the flanks and infantry in the center, with the elephants in front.


Alexander posted his heavy infantry in a phalanx in the center, led the right wing cavalry himself, and sent the left wing cavalry under Coenus on a wide, outflanking ride behind a hill. In the center, the Macedonian phalanx was almost broken by the charging elephants, but eventually drove them off, only to face the Indian infantry.

Alexander attacked baftle the right, but failed to find a gap to exploit with his horsemen. When Coenus returned to the battlefield at the rear of the Indians, Alexander was able to defeat the Indian cavalry and encircle the infantry. Porus reformed his infantry into a defensive block and then battoe to surrender if granted generous terms.

Hydaspes (326 BCE)

Alexander agreed Porus could remain king of Paurava but hydaspe tribute. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.

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Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. This contribution has not yet been formally edited by Britannica. Macedonian, 1, of 41,; Indian, 12, dead and 9, captured of 50, Rupert Matthews Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The conquest of Bactria and the Indus valley.


Inat the great Battle of the Hydaspes Jhelumhe defeated the Indian king Porus in the first major battle in which he faced a force of elephants. How much farther east Alexander might have gone is a question that has fascinated posterity, but the curiosity and patience of…. In June Alexander fought his last great battle on the left bank of the Hydaspes. He founded two cities there, Alexandria Nicaea to celebrate his victory and Bucephala named after his horse Bucephalus, which died there ; and….

But with his elephants and slow-moving…. Macedonia, region in the south-central Balkans that comprises north-central Greece, southwestern Bulgaria, and the independent Republic of Macedonia. India, country that occupies the greater part of South Asia.

Invasion of India In ancient Greek civilization: Battle of the Hydaspes. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Internet URLs are the best. Thank You for Your Hydaspee There was a problem with your submission.

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