Costus afer is an evergreen Perennial growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. Suitable. The stem, seeds and rhizome contain several steroidal sapogenins, of which diosgenin is the most important one. The rhizome yields % diosgenin. Costus afer is commonly used as a medicinal plant throughout tropical Africa. An infusion of the inflorescence is taken to treat tachycardia. The same infusion or.
|Published (Last):||11 November 2016|
|PDF File Size:||6.90 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||2.72 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The genus as a whole is thus often called spiral gingersbut this can also refer to C. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Stem sap is acid and rubefacient and burns on open wounds, but it is also anodyne and healing and is applied to codtus skin ailments. The alteration in overall body weight or organ-body weight ratio is an indication of impairment in the normal functioning of the organs.
The pulped stem taken in water is strongly diuretic. Five drops of concentrated hydrochloric acid were added to the aqueous extract in a test tube and the change in color was observed; a red color indicated the presence of anthocyanins. Sesquiterpenoids cistus the most abundant group of volatile compounds in the essential oil of the leaves[ ].
Acarbose was used as positive control. The powdered stems are used as an enema fostus treat worms and haemorrhoids.
Costus afer Spiral Ginger, Ginger lily, White spiral costus. PFAF Plant Database
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Costus afer and Costus lucanusianus J. The absolute and relative weight of the kidney was not affected when compared to the control.
The degree of inflammation was observed to be dose dependent. Durand – C Africa Costus dinklagei K. This effect was dose dependent irrespective of the plant part. Chromosome numbers of Costus lucanusianus Costaceae in Nigeria. Cosrus stems are cut into pieces 2.
Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. The same extract showed moderate local anaesthetic activity in guinea pig skin test, and contracted the guinea pig ileum in a concentration-dependent manner. The feed and fluid intake increased in a dose dependent manner.
Amounts of products liberated reducing sugars as maltose and p-nitrophenol, resp. In southern Nigeria Costus afer and Costus lucanusianus produce hybrids.
The PFAF Bookshop
The powdered stems are used as an enema to treat worms and haemorrhoids[ ]. It is also rubbed on the body costs treat colic[ ].
Bart Wursten x – 6k – jpg www. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to acer approved so will not appear immediately. A decoction of the powdered fruits is used as a cough medicine[ 46 ].
Costus afer Ker Gawl. Poulsen – Uganda Costus fortalezae K. Alpha-amylase secreted in saliva and pancreatic juice catalyzes the hydrolysis of starch to a mixture of smaller oligosaccharides consisting of maltose, maltotriose, and oligoglucans [ 5 ]. The assay protocol was as follows: An infusion of the dried aerial parts is taken to treat hypertension. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below.
There are 15 citations in Afrirefs related to Costus afer Ker Gawl.
Costus afer – Useful Tropical Plants
The diosgenin content needs further study as well, especially because the content is higher than commercially grown diosgenin-producing Costus spp.
Earlier researchers have reported increased oxidative stress in sustained hyperglycemia characterized by increased free radical generation from increased glycation of proteins, autooxidation of glucose, and alterations in polyol pathway activity [ 2 ].
Different plant parts are used in the treatment of a wide range of illnesses or conditions such as cough, nausea, arthritis, sore throat, epileptic attacks, worms and haemorrhoids, jaundice, urethral discharges, venereal diseases, colic, tachycardia, stomach discomforts, malaria, eye conditions, csotus, and leprosy.
The best therapeutic approach for diabetic complications will be targeting both glucose metabolism and the mechanisms of diabetes-induced oxidative stress. Clinical Chemistry and Metabolic Medicine; p. Rhizome pulp is applied to abscesses and ulcers to mature them, applied to teeth to cure toothache, and mixed with water it is taken zfer treat diarrhoea and amoebic dysentery.
The male albino Wistar rats were left to acclimatize for 14 days. Costus afer is commonly used as a medicinal plant throughout tropical Africa.