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ANFO – Wikipedia
Archived from the original on 7 June When used in wet mining conditions, considerable effort must be taken to remove standing water and install a liner in the borehole; it is generally more productive to instead use a water-resistant explosive such as emulsion. Unmixed ammonium nitrate can decompose explosively and has been responsible for several industrial disasters, including the Oppau explosion in Germany, the Texas City disaster in Texas City, Texasthe Ryongchon disaster in North Koreaand the West Fertilizer Company explosion in West, Texas.
exploskvo Preferred use is in well-ventilated places. Retrieved 28 July With its low sensitivity and excellent performance in breaking and displacing rock, it is ideal for quarries and civil works.
A Brief History of the Car Bomb. Sometimes, more AN is added to reduce liquidity and explosivp it easier to store and handle, as well as providing an oxygen-balanced mix. Principles and Practices of Modern Coal Mining.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Storage and warranty Kept in its original packaging and stored in normal conditions of temperature and humidity, complying with current regulations, the product is guaranteed for 6 months from its date of manufacture.
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Therefore, since their delivery to the buyers, the manufacturer is not liable for its safety or for the achievement of the desired results, be they explicit or implicit. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The balanced equation is as follows:. A larger quantity of secondary explosive, known as a primer or a boostermust be used.
Ammonium nitrate is widely used as a fertilizer in the agricultural industry. Can be used as a column charge in open-pits, underground, in quarries and for general blasting work.
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It is composed of a mixture of ammonium nitrate and petroleum, correctly balanced in oxygen, and also contains anti-static additives, which permit pneumatic loading. ANFO You have doubts? Depending on the detonation impetus for example a 6 versus a explosiv detonatorthe products of the detonation can be decidedly unstoichiometric.
Wisconsin Conservation Department, Madison, Wisconsin For other cartridge forms ask EXSA. In most jurisdictions, ammonium nitrate need not be classified as an explosive for transport purposes; it is merely an oxidizer.
Retrieved 3 March The New York Times. November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Kept in its original packaging and stored in normal conditions of temperature and humidity, complying with current regulations, the product is guaranteed for 6 months from its date of manufacture. In the mining industry, the term ANFO specifically describes a mixture of solid ammonium nitrate prills and diesel fuel. In an ideal stoichiometrically balanced reaction, ANFO is composed of about ANFO is also widely used in avalanche hazard mitigation.
It is also found in instant cold packs. This page was last edited on 1 Decemberat explosivp ANNM usually contains a Other explosives based on the ANFO chemistry exist; the most commonly used are emulsions. CS1 Chinese-language sources zh All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from September Articles with permanently dead external links CS1 Norwegian-language sources no Articles needing anf references from November All articles needing additional references Use dmy dates from April All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from September Articles needing additional references from October Commons category link from Wikidata.
The press and other media have used the term ANFO loosely and imprecisely in describing improvised explosive devices IEDsin cases of fertilizer bombs see Malicious use below. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
In the movie The Dark Knight by Christopher NolanThe Joker uses the compound to hold two ferries hostage, and tries to make the people on each ferry detonate the other ferry. Retrieved 12 August